20 September, Brussels - Energy experts came together today in Brussels at the final conference of the EU project Best Paths to discuss with policy makers how to upgrade and improve the European electricity grid. The conference, which was organised by Greenovate! Europe, brought together around 120 experts from all over the continent.
“The technologies developed in Best Paths will have a significant role in the evolution of the transmission grid, ensuring the grid is ready to cover the market actors’ requirements in the new energy paradigm at an affordable cost. Investment today in the future grid is mandatory to accelerate the transition process. All relevant actors: policy makers, regulatory authorities, transmission system operators and utilities, manufacturers, researchers and citizens should understand that there is no time to lose if Europe wants to continue leading the transition process worldwide”, says project coordinator Vicente González López from Red Eléctrica de España.
Best Paths is the largest research project in the energy field financed by the European Union’s 7th Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration (FP7) for research and technological development. The project ends in September 2018 after four years, having united 38 partners around five large-scale demonstrations to validate the technical feasibility, costs, impacts and benefits of the tested grid technologies. The focus of the demonstrations is to deliver solutions for the transition from High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) lines to HVDC grids, upgrading and repowering existing Alternating Current (AC) parts of the network, and to integrate superconducting high power DC links within an AC meshed network.
Three parallel workshops showed the latest breakthroughs in transmission technologies from the project.
WORKSHOP 1: HVDC Converter technologies
What are the main interoperability problems? What are the recommendations of the project partners to overcome them? How can converters be adapted for offshore windfarms?
Within Demo 2 of Best Paths, the interoperability issues of multivendor converters have been systematically assessed and adaptations have been suggested. Recently the Best Paths partners demonstrated the results of pioneering tests about the interoperability of high-voltage AC/DC converters supplied by different HVDC manufacturers.
For the operation of offshore windfarms three different converter prototypes in the 50kW power range designed to emulate the modular multilevel converter technologies have been tested within Demo 1, led by the Spanish utility Iberdrola. The results from the demonstration shed light on the most suitable network topologies to interconnect larger offshore wind farms that will be built in the future.
Within Demo 3, an industrial-size innovative converter has been realised from concept to design, realisation and testing. Furthermore, system studies for multi-terminal operation have been thoroughly investigated, aiming at smart control strategies and cost benefit analysis of completely revamping an Italian existing link.
Session Chair: Olivier Despouys, RTE Réseau de Transport d'Électricité
WORKSHOP 2: Cable technologies
What are the most promising cable technologies? What are the best performing materials for HVDC cables? What is the potential of superconducting cables for electricity transport?
The workshop presented novel technological solutions to upgrade multi-terminal HVDC links. Within Demo 3, the Italian transmission system operator Terna identified as real case reference and chose the “SACOI” link that connects Sardinia, Corsica and Italy as the laboratory for investigating with success up to qualification tests improved extruded submarine and land cables for very high voltages and depth.
Within Demo 5, project partners designed a superconducting cable system that includes high-voltage insulations and terminations. The wires are able to carry 500 times more electricity than copper wires and can transport up to 3.2GW of electric power. For the first time, a high-voltage superconducting cable system capable of operating in direct current has been designed, while all the existing projects only deal with alternating current. The cable is manufactured using magnesium diboride as a superconductor, which is very economical to produce.
Chair: Christian-Eric Bruzek, Nexans
WORKSHOP 3: Overhead lines
What are pioneering technologies to repower and improve the design, operation and maintenance of existing high voltage power lines?
While new conductor technologies have been explored in the project, existing overhead power lines also need to be improved and repowered. Within Best Paths’ Demo 4 new features and repair works for those conventional cables have been explored, such as insulated cross-arms, high temperature low sag conductors, a composite tower, dynamic line rating as well as live-line working methods.
Within Demo 3, first-of-a-kind high performing HVDC conductors for overhead lines as well as innovative insulators have been developed and successfully tested on field application.
Chair: Matthias Müller-Mienack, GridLab for 50Hertz
What will come after Best Paths?
What kind of incentive schemes could help these new grid technologies? Where do we need new standardisation procedures for interconnected grids and grid components and what will these procedures look like? What overall recommendations do the partners of Best Paths have?
At the event, Antonio Iliceto, representing Terna as Chairman of the Best Paths Consortium, presented a set of recommendations, aimed to facilitate the deployment of the grid technologies that have been developed within Best Paths.
If you want to discover more about previous events have a look at the stakeholders workshops aimed to disseminate each demostrantion results.
Details can be found at:
- 11th May 2017 on “Real-time simulation of large offshore wind farms and interactions with power grids” in Trondheim (Norway)
- 5th April 2018 on “Innovative repowering of AC corridors “ in Budapest (Hungary)
- 9th May 2018 on “Upgrading multi-terminal HVDC interconnectors” in Codrongianos (Italy)
- 6th June 2018 on “Maximising multivendor interoperability in HVDC systems” in Paris (France)
- 5th July 2018 on "Superconducting cables for very high power transmission" in La Spezia (Italy)